The Punishment of the People of the Ditch
Written by Ibn Kathir   
Friday, 10 November 2006

The Punishment of the People of the Ditch

Allah said,

[إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَتَنُواْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَـتِ]
(Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women,) meaning, they burned (them). This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, and Ibn Abza.

[ثُمَّ لَمْ يَتُوبُواْ]
(and then do not turn in repentance,) meaning, `they do not cease from what they are doing, and do not regret what they had done before.'

[فَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ جَهَنَّمَ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ الْحَرِيقِ]
(then they will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.) This is because the recompense is based upon the type of deed performed. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, "Look at this generosity and kindness. These people killed Allah's Awliya' and He still invites them to make repentance and seek forgiveness.''

[إِنَّ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ لَهُمْ جَنَّـتٌ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْكَبِيرُ - إِنَّ بَطْشَ رَبِّكَ لَشَدِيدٌ - إِنَّهُ هُوَ يُبْدِىءُ وَيُعِيدُ - وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الْوَدُودُ - ذُو الْعَرْشِ الْمَجِيدُ - فَعَّالٌ لِّمَا يُرِيدُ - هَلُ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْجُنُودِ - فِرْعَوْنَ وَثَمُودَ - بَلِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فِى تَكْذِيبٍ - وَاللَّهُ مِن وَرَآئِهِمْ مُّحِيطٌ - بَلْ هُوَ قُرْءَانٌ مَّجِيدٌ - فِى لَوْحٍ مَّحْفُوظٍ ]
(11. Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow. That is the supreme success.) (12. Verily, the punishment of your Lord is severe and painful.) (13. Verily, He it is Who begins and repeats.) (14. And He is Oft-Forgiving, Al-Wadud.) (15. Owner of the Throne, Al-Majid (the Glorious).) (16. Doer of what He intends.) (17. Has the story reached you of the hosts.) (18. Of Fir`awn and Thamud) (19. Nay! The disbelievers (persisted) in denying.) (20. And Allah encompasses them from behind!) (21. Nay! This is a Glorious Qur'an,) (22. In Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz!)

The Punishment of the People of the Ditch

Allah said,

[إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَتَنُواْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَـتِ]
(Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women,) meaning, they burned (them). This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, and Ibn Abza.

[ثُمَّ لَمْ يَتُوبُواْ]
(and then do not turn in repentance,) meaning, `they do not cease from what they are doing, and do not regret what they had done before.'

[فَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ جَهَنَّمَ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ الْحَرِيقِ]
(then they will have the torment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.) This is because the recompense is based upon the type of deed performed. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, "Look at this generosity and kindness. These people killed Allah's Awliya' and He still invites them to make repentance and seek forgiveness.''

[إِنَّ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ لَهُمْ جَنَّـتٌ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْكَبِيرُ - إِنَّ بَطْشَ رَبِّكَ لَشَدِيدٌ - إِنَّهُ هُوَ يُبْدِىءُ وَيُعِيدُ - وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الْوَدُودُ - ذُو الْعَرْشِ الْمَجِيدُ - فَعَّالٌ لِّمَا يُرِيدُ - هَلُ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْجُنُودِ - فِرْعَوْنَ وَثَمُودَ - بَلِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فِى تَكْذِيبٍ - وَاللَّهُ مِن وَرَآئِهِمْ مُّحِيطٌ - بَلْ هُوَ قُرْءَانٌ مَّجِيدٌ - فِى لَوْحٍ مَّحْفُوظٍ ]
(11. Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow. That is the supreme success.) (12. Verily, the punishment of your Lord is severe and painful.) (13. Verily, He it is Who begins and repeats.) (14. And He is Oft-Forgiving, Al-Wadud.) (15. Owner of the Throne, Al-Majid (the Glorious).) (16. Doer of what He intends.) (17. Has the story reached you of the hosts.) (18. Of Fir`awn and Thamud) (19. Nay! The disbelievers (persisted) in denying.) (20. And Allah encompasses them from behind!) (21. Nay! This is a Glorious Qur'an,) (22. In Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz!)