|76.30. You cannot will unless God wills. Surely God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.|
وَمَا تَشَاؤُونَ إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيماً حَكِيماً
30. You cannot will unless God wills.9 Surely God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
9. For the meaning of this statement and the relation between God's absolute Will and human free will, see sūrah 2, notes 10, 23; sūrah 3, note 30; sūrah 4, note 18; sūrah 6, note 9; sūrah 11, note 1; and note 2 on this sūrah, and Appendix 7. To summarize what has been said so far:
God's Will is absolute and encompasses human free will. From one perspective, the Divine Will is identical with Divine Knowledge. God knows (beforehand) what people freely will to do, and all that they do is within God's Knowledge. The actions of humankind are within God's Knowledge and Wisdom. That is, in order for their will to be a cause of their deeds, God's all-encompassing Wisdom also has a part in it. This verse's concluding with mentioning God as All-Knowing and All-Wise, points to this fact. It is God Who has endowed humankind with free will, and human beings always need God to be able to use their free will and accomplish what they will. God has designed human life and established the reality of deeds, and all that a person meets in consequence of their deeds. No one can go beyond this encompassing design. God never compels a person to do a particular deed; the human experience of free choice of action is quite real, and it must be so, for everyone is responsible and accountable for their actions.
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