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22.30. All that (is what God ordained concerning the Hajj). So whoever venerates God's sanctities will find it to be the best for him in his Lord's sight. Cattle have been made lawful for you (for sacrifice and food), except what has already been mentioned to you (as unlawful). So, shun the loathsome evil of idol-worship and shun all words of falsehood (never say or consider or legislate anything contrary to revealed commandments concerning the lawful and the unlawful). Print E-mail

ذَلِكَ وَمَن يُعَظِّمْ حُرُمَاتِ اللَّهِ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ وَأُحِلَّتْ لَكُمُ الْأَنْعَامُ إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَى عَلَيْكُمْ فَاجْتَنِبُوا الرِّجْسَ مِنَ الْأَوْثَانِ وَاجْتَنِبُوا قَوْلَ الزُّورِ

30. All that (is what God ordained concerning the Hajj). So whoever venerates God's sanctities will find it to be the best for him in his Lord's sight. Cattle have been made lawful for you (for sacrifice and food), except what has already been mentioned to you (as unlawful). So, shun the loathsome evil of idol-worship and shun all words of falsehood (never say or consider or legislate anything contrary to revealed commandments concerning the lawful and the unlawful).10


10. This verse refers to the commandments that forbid the eating of carrion, blood that has spilled out of the animal— i.e. other than that which has been left in the veins of the organs, such as the liver and spleen— the flesh of swine, and that which is profane, having been slaughtered in the name of other than God and without having God's Name pronounced over it (See 6: 145; 16: 115). The animals or kinds of meat that are forbidden are not only these. The forbidden things mentioned in these two verses pertain only to domestic animals – sheep and cattle. Based on the Revelation, God's Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, informed us of the other animals that we are forbidden to eat.

Alongside the Qur'ān, the Sunnah of the Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, is another basic source of the Divine commandments in Islam. It includes everything connected to religious commandments – everything that the Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, actually said or did, or those actions which he approved of among his Companions. The Sunnah serves as a source of legislation by enjoining and prohibiting; it lays down the principles related to establishing all religious obligations and necessities; and it determines what is lawful or unlawful. It should never be forgotten that the Sunnah is also based on Divine Revelation. The Messenger does not speak on his own, out of personal desire. (Whatever he says) is but a Revelation (explicit or implicit) which is revealed to him (53: 4).

In response to a question whether wudū' could be performed with sea-water, the Messenger declared: "A sea is that of which the water is clean and the dead animals are lawful to eat" (Abū Dāwūd, "Tahārah," 41; at-Tirmidhī, "Taharah," 52). This has provided a basis for many rulings. One is that the Qur'ān generally forbids eating animals that have died naturally and that were not killed according to Islamic rules. The Sunnah, however, elaborates on this general rule (commandment) by allowing the consumption of sea animals that have died in the water.

For more information about the same point, see also 6: 145, note 31.

 
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